Author(s): Zehra AKSOY, Semra ARSLAN SEL├çUK
Through the biophilia hypothesis, it is aimed to obtain built environments that have the principle of integrating nature with space and making contact with human life as much as possible, and some design criteria have been determined. With the increasing number of applications in recent years, research has begun on the psychological effects of biophilic elements used in spaces such as healing, relaxing and motivation-enhancing. Although it is known as a design approach of modern architecture, it is possible to see these biophilic elements in historical buildings that are the building blocks of our cultural heritage. In this context, the aim of this study is to trace the "healing" features of architecture in historical buildings. In this direction, firstly the existing definitions and classifications made on biophilic design approaches were examined and a conceptual framework was created on the healing features of the spaces designed with this approach.Later, biophilic elements in darush-shifas, one of the most important values of Turkish architectural heritage and built with the concerns of "healing space" using natural elements, were determined. For this purpose, the architectural features of the Gevher Nesibe Darush-shifa, which entered the literature as the first darush-shifa of Anatolia, such as the use of light and sound, material selection and spatial fiction, were evaluated in the context of "reflections of the natural environment on the building". As a result of the study, many biophilic data were found in Gevher Nesibe Darush-shifa, which contain healing elements that will guide today's architecture. In fact, the obtained data show that the guiding effects of the "healing properties of nature" on the shaping of architectural spaces should be re-questioned with the "ancient knowledge of Turkish architecture" and thus a different perspective should be developed on existing biophilic design approaches / classifications.