Author(s): Arif Olgun KÖZLEME

Every nation has a typical understanding of clothes for many reasons. At least has been like this until global times. In global time, many things have become commonplace. The same is true for the Turkish nation. The efforts of the Turkish nation to change clothes by force began during the reign of Mahmud II. The hat was seen the symbol of Westernasation and people regarded such symbol as the sign of oppression. In the eyes of people the hat was worn by “gâvur” the infidels. This also includes the Ottoman period. Along with the madrasa education with the Tanzimat, Western-style education was also started. Relations with the West have also intensified. Thus hat, in certain areas in the country and abroad has started to be worn. However, the adoption of the hat on a voluntary basis could be considered in a free environment and in a certain process. A few years after the establishment of the Republic, it became obligatory to wear a hat. This has caused problems for the majority of the population. The Anatolian people struggled for salvation against the “gâvura" which they considered identical with the hat. That's why immediately after the war, the hat revolution led to a social trauma. This study aims to reveal the process of hat reform, mistakes in the method of application, the negative effects of coercion on the public and that there are of the democratic ways in which the public can be convinced.The study has been dealt with a descriptive method based on literature review.


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