HADITH CRITICISM DURING THE COMPANION TIME

Abstract

Author(s): Ali KARAKA?*

 The Holy Quran and the Prophet Muhammad’s circumcision is the two main sources of Islamic religion. These two important sources was found in the period of Holy Muhammad and it has passed to the present day. In particular, the detection of hadith is an important issue in terms of history of hadith. The Companions had an important role in the narration and the book of hadiths. The people who saw Holy Muhammad (s.a.v.) as a Muslim and died as a Muslim were accepted as their companions. Companions are the first generation that perform important tasks to determine traditions and to transfer to the next generation. They have shown some important principles by being very sensitive about the narration of hadith. As a matter of fact, their implementation shows that the criticism of hadith started during the companions time. Criticism means; to criticize a word, to remove the flaws in it, reveal the beauty of the word. The person who performs the criticism activity is called corrector. The Turkish word for criticism is criticism. The purpose of criticism is to separate the good from the bad, the rotten from the good, the right from the wrong. In the hadith culture, the evaluations regarding the deeds and texts of the hadiths are called the hadith criticism. In today's Turkish, such assessments are called critical. According to the hadith, the criticism is to examine the action and the text to determine the degree of health of any hadith. In the criticism of the text, it is emphasized whether the text of the hadith is appropriate to the Quran, precise sunnah and unmistakable reason. Hadith criticism activity in the companions during the companions took place in the form of text criticism more than the deed. During the period of Holy Muhammad (s.a.v.), some of the companions needed to ask him personally to test the accuracy of the hadiths which they had heard. After the death of Holy Muhammad (s.a.v.), the Companions carried out the hadith text criticism activity by making various comments among themselves. In this regard, Holy Aisha, Holy Omar, Holy Ali, Abdullah b. Abbas, Abdullah b. Omar and similar companions came to the fore. For example, during the hadith narrated Holy Omar while asking for witnesses, Holy Ali preferred to swear

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