G▄ROYMAK HAYDAR BEY CAM??

Abstract

Author(s): B├╝lent Nuri KILAVUZ

The town center Güroymak dependent to Bitlis is known as Nor?in (Nur?in) village and Çukur County in history. The region reigned under the ?slam religion since 641 A.C.ruled by the Byzantine and ?slamic states for a long time till 1071 Malazgirt victory. Great Seljuk (or, depending on Sanduko?ullar?, Ahlat?ahlar) State, Ayyubid, Mongol (Ilkhanid), Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu, Safavid and Ottoman dominance were founded in the region. After the Ilkhanid period, from time to time, depending on the states dominated by the Serefhan principality centered at Bitlis increasing influence in the region and spread to Ahlat and Mus. It was ruled by the directors assigned from the central state in the first years of the Ottoman State.Güroymak (Çukur-Nor?in) which is one of the target points between Van and Mu? From east to west is at the starting point of Mu? Plain. The cemeteries, XIIIth Century tomb and the mosque show the significance of the region. Especially the Akkoyunlu community used the region as a summer dwelling area. Especially in the eastern states, conflicts between the Ottoman and Safavid provide stability in the region will prevent a long time period in the Ottoman state various construction activities were carried out. With the Ottoman period, especially in Ahlat and Van single-domed, square mosques began to be constructed. The foundation date of Güroymak Erenler Haydar Bey Mosque in the neighborhood cannot be dated due to lack of the inscription on the building, records and historical documents as well. The mosque with its small size of the character of, a square single-domed mosque is important in spite of its simple and plain arrangement. The mosque built with Ahlat rock (andesite tuff) peculiar material to the region with the dimensions. 9.50 x 9.50 m from the outside, 7.70 x 7.70 m from the inside, hoop and flattened covered with a dome of 7.70 m. in diameter. It is important in terms of its being an example of single-domed mosques in the basin of Lake Van in the XVI-XVIIIth centuries. The mosque can be dated to the mid XV-XVIth centuries.

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