Author(s): Fulya AKYILDIZ
Neoliberal restructuring process is one of the main discussion topics of the social and political theories. Although the character of this process is mainly related to economic matters, it covers all social, political and administrative areas. In this study, governance, which is one of the most important tools of restructuring process, is examined. “Governance” is now effected and related to almost all academic disciplines, ranging from economics, sociology, political science, international relations to many others. As a result, this concept is enriched due to the contribution of several different academic disciplines. However, with the influence of New Institutional Economics, “the governance model” is advanced in a way giving priority to market approach in many social science disciplines such as management, public administration, political science and sociology. On the basis of separation of politics and policy, agriculture, banking, stock exchange, all of which are the state’s most important policy areas are separated from politics. Within this context, in this study, it is emphasized on the one hand that the place of “governance” in theory is put in the interjunction of many disciplines; on the other hand, in practice, the governance is used as a tool of separating economics from politics and, as well as, separating administration from politics. Concrete examples of this situation are drawn from Turkey, where, especially after 1990, the number of independent regulatory agencies are increased. In this study “governance” is examined in term of restructuring of state in Turkey with “market aprroach” and the transformation of political power.