GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF SUGAR BEET AGRICULTURE IN ERZINCAN PROVINCE AND ITS MAJOR PROBLEMS

Abstract

Author(s): Vedat KARADEN?Z

One of the most important branches of the food industry is the sugar industry. Around the world, sugar is produced from sugar cane in torrid zones and from sugar beet in temperate zone. The basic raw material for sugar industry is sugar beet in our country, which locates in temperate zone land. Especially with the factories established in the years 1950-1960, the cultivation area of this plant, which started to be planted in republican years, has gradually enlarged. In that period, four factories (sugar factories in Erzincan, Erzurum, Elaz??, and Malatya) were established in Eastern Anatolia Region and sugar beet production began. With the irrigation facilities, Erzincan and Tercan plains, which are convenient for sugar beet farming in terms of climate and soil properties, are among the important production areas of both the province and region. Sugar beet is the second plant that provides the most revenue after bean in Erzincan, where agriculture is the dominant economic sector. With its waste products such as molasses and bagasse, it is an important supply raw material for stock farming as well as it provides raw material for the sugar industry. Turkey, which is the member of the organizations that regulate the sugar industry in the world, started quota application in sugar beet production in the year 1998, within the framework of the global sugar policy. In parallel with this, sugar beet cultivation areas have gradually been narrowing and the number of the farmers producing sugar beet has also gradually been decreasing. Its reflections can also be seen in Erzincan province. But, in Erzincan, where means of existence are limited, sugar beet generates direct or indirect employment for lots of people. As long as the aforementioned policies continue, the importance of the sugar beet, which is more effective than other agricultural products on the socio-economic life in the area, will gradually decrease.

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