GALATIANS AND THEIR IMPRESSIONS ON THE COINS STRUCK BY PESSINUS IN THE PROVINCE OF GALATIA

Abstract

Author(s): Hacer KUMANDA? YANMAZ

In the paper named as ‘Galatians and their impressions on the coins struck by Pessinus in the Province of Galatia’’ it is confirmed the impressions of Galatians on the coins of Pessinus as the religious center of Goddess Kybele and one of the most important Galatian towns. The impressions about the Galatians appear firstly on the coins of Pessinus which were struck in the Galatia Kingdom. This first evidence is a monogram of Deitarioras, the king of Galatia. It is the abbreviation of name of Deiotaros, the king of Galatia. Then, the abbreviations of the names of Tolistoboges as a Galatian clan who ruled over the Pessinus, and of Galatians appear on a number of coins which were struck respectively under the reigns of Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD) Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AD), Lucius Verus (161-169 AD) and Septimus Severus (?S 193-211). The fact that the titles of Galatia and Tolostobogi haven’t appear anymore on the coins of Pessinus after the reign of Septimus Severus point out that the Galatian population of Pessinus estranged to their tribal identities and became to romanize or it was tried to make them romanized.

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