Author(s): Fareo Dorcas OLUREMI
The objective of education is to provide opportunities for students to reach their full potentials in the area of educational, vocational, social and emotional development. Guidance and counselling is the bedrock for achieving self-actualization. It is a process of helping people to discover their needs, interest and capabilities in order to formulate their own goals and make plans to realize them. An analysis of guidance and counselling services in providing adequate guidance for Nigerian students in primary, secondary, and tertiary institutions is of paramount importance. This paper examined the concept of guidance and counselling, objectives of guidance and counseling centre, benefits of guidance and counseling programmes, facilities for effective guidance and counselling , characteristics of an effective counsellor, methods of counselling, and, roles and functions of the school counsellor are highlighted. In conclusion, this paper identified factors of functional school guidance and counselling programme that could enhance positive results.