FROM LEAGUE OF NATIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS: WHAT IS NEXT?

Abstract

Author(s): Serdar YURTSEVER

The League of Nations emerged as a formation revealed by victorious states for were seeking peace during the First World War. The agreements concluded at the end of the First World War have severe conditions on the defeated states. This has led to the formation of revisionist and anti-revisionist fronts. The revisionist states want to change the order and agreement conditions after the war and the anti-revisionist states want the continuation of the established order. In such an environment, the League of Nations' well-intentioned attempts to protect peace could not prevent the outbreak of the Second World War.The United Nations, which was established at the end of the Second World War, was criticized in particular about the structure of the Security Council and the right to veto and it was constantly expressed that there was a need for a serious reform in its structure. Changes in the structure of the Security Council, such as increasing the number of permanent members, have so far been inconclusive.In this study, League of Nations and the United Nations’ process and the successes and failures of both international organizations were examined. As a result of the analysis, it was seen that the main reason for the failure was not directly the institutions themselves. The member states of these institutions are constantly trying to use the functions of these institutions to realize their own country interests. This has weakened these organizations to achieve their goals. As a result of the study, recommendations were made regarding the United Nations Security Council and peacekeeping missions

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