FORMULAIC EXPRESSIONS AS A CULTURAL ELEMENT IN MINSTREL LITERATURE

Abstract

Author(s): Cafer ZDEMIR

Formulaic expressions, which are one of the language elements that do not change easily, are among the most productive entity of the spoken language. These utterances, significant in teaching both native and foreign language and indispensable for a healthy communication, also present important data for cultural transfer. It is very common to come across with formulaic expressions, which indicate the emotions of the folk with their language, at minstrels’ poem. It is possible to determine the values, religious beliefs, their attitudes towards different matters and view of lives of the Turkish society by means of these poems. In this study, the formulaic expressions, their structures and functions used by the minstrels in 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Despite the period of time that passed, these expressions have not changed very much, and even some of them have remained the same. As a conclusion, it was established that this productive entity reflected to the poems of the minstrels in the same way as it is in public spoken language.

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