Author(s): Cahit BASDAS
As gerund form of substantive verb -ken, has made up temporal adverbs from finite verbs and nouns. It has a wide usage area in Turkey Turkish and other Oghuz dialects. The form of -ken can not be added to verbal stem, but it used on finite verbs and nouns by means of substantive verb (i-<er-). The form has stayed out of vowel harmony in written language of Turkey Turkish, but it abide by the harmony rule with -kan/-ken forms in dialects. t is also used such as -ka/-ke, and -kana/-kene allomorphs in some dialects. The short and extended examples are usually seen together in the same dialects. However, expanded forms (-kana/-kene), are relatively productive in Turkey Turkish dialects. This special forms that have been seen in historical texts, accepted among distinctive features of some dialects.
In this study, forms of -ka/-ke, -kana/-kene of the -ken gerund has been analyzed that is found in theTurkey Turkish dialects, and it has been tryed to explain reasons of shortening and expanding.
The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report