Author(s): Cahit BASDAS

As gerund form of substantive verb -ken, has made up temporal adverbs from finite verbs and nouns. It has a wide usage area in Turkey Turkish and other Oghuz dialects. The form of -ken can not be added to verbal stem, but it used on finite verbs and nouns by means of substantive verb (i-<er-). The form has stayed out of vowel harmony in written language of Turkey Turkish, but it abide by the harmony rule with -kan/-ken forms in dialects. t is also used such as -ka/-ke, and -kana/-kene allomorphs in some dialects. The short and extended examples are usually seen together in the same dialects. However, expanded forms (-kana/-kene), are relatively productive in Turkey Turkish dialects. This special forms that have been seen in historical texts, accepted among distinctive features of some dialects.

In this study, forms of -ka/-ke, -kana/-kene of the -ken gerund has been analyzed that is found in theTurkey Turkish dialects, and it has been tryed to explain reasons of shortening and expanding.


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