Author(s): Abdullah BALCIOĞULLARI

Turkish Islamic scientists, who took over the legacy of antiquity, conducted various researches in all areas of science. Earth's shape, rotation and gravitation are one of these issues. In this study, have presented the views of the Islamic scientists in the Middle Ages about the shape, movements and gravity of the Earth. In the Middle Ages, Islamic scientists stated that the shape of the world was a sphere in a period that can be considered very early and they always referred to the Earth as a globe. Turkish Islamic scientists have always mentioned the Earth as ‘al-qura’t al- ard (the Earth globe)’. This statement shows that they have no other thoughts about the shape of the Earth. With this research, it has understood that there is the information that the Earth rotates around its own axis in the works of the medieval Turkish Islamic scientists. In relation to this issue, they stated that the center of the Earth attracts everything like a magnet to itself. Thus, they explained gravity correctly. The effects of Turkish Islamic scientists' thoughts on the shape of the Earth, gravity and the law of motion can be seen in Galileo and Newton.


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