FAMOUS FEATURES OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES IN CLASSICAL TURKISH POETRY

Abstract

Author(s): Emine YENITERZI

Classical Turkish poetry is very rich in terms of its sources, materials and content. The geography that constitutes the topic of poetry also exhibits variety and wealth. Due to the fact that the Ottoman Empire had lands that spread to three continents and established commercial, political and cultural relationships with other countries of the world, poets make mention of many countries and cities. These cities are generally referred to in poetry with their famous features. For example; Çiil, China, Deylem, Anatolia, Ferhâr, Helluh, Nevâd, Tarâz and Yamâ are mentioned by virtue of their beautiful girls; Baghdad by virtue of being the centre of caliphate and of its numerous thieves; Aden and Bahreyn of their pearls; Bedahan of ruby, Niabur of turquoise, Yemen of onyx; China of gazelles, porcelain, icons, illumination and illuminators; Aleppo of fabric and glassware; India of spices, peacocks, parrots, elephants, swords, daggers, pearls and rubies; Hatâ of musk, fabric and paper; Isfahan of mascara; Kâân of Chinaware, scorpions and weapons; Kashmir of wool, shawls and roses; Kirman of cumin and swords; Egypt of sugar, parrots and swords; Damascus of war wares such as swords and armour, sugar, pastry, rosewater and glassware; and Vâs?t of pencils. The paper lists cities that are mentioned in classical poetry and their famous features with various examples.

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