FALLEN ANGELS ICONOGRAPHY IN WESTERN ART: IN THE CONTEXT OF ENOCH?S BOOK, OLD TESTAMENT AND NEW TESTAMENT

Abstract

Author(s): Zehra Canan BAYER

The objective of this study is to identify paintings and sculptures based on "Fallen Angels" iconography in the context of Enoch’s Book, Old Testament and the New Testamentas well as to determine the scripture which is mostly referred as the holy text, among the art work samples. For this purpose, three books mentioned above also the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hebrew myths have been analyzed and the findings are recorded in the introduction part. In the second part, the art works reflecting the iconography are illustrated and in the analysis of these works, it is noted that they directly associate with the references on “Fallen Angels”. According to the results obtained in this study, the Book of Enoch, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Hebrew myths and some part of the Old Testament texts include information about Fallen Angels’ names, their relation with “daughters of men”, their offspring “giants”, perversion caused by them on earth, their curse by God, duties of Archangels on their punishment and “Judgement Day” while the Old Testament, mostly the New Testament texts, focus on the war in Heaven between Archangel Michael and Lucifer/Satan, “the leader of the “Fallen Angels/root of evil on earth” and most of the art works are found to refer to this version of the iconography.

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