Fahriye in Pseudonymous Couplets: The Example of the Fehim-i Kadim Divan

Abstract

Author(s): BAHANUR OZKAN BAHAR*

In the tradition of divan poetry, fahriye, which can be defined as the poet's boasting of himself and his art, has been used in many forms, especially in eulogies. Fahriye is the mention of the poet's talent, his verse, his prose, the power of his pen in exaggerated expressions with one or more verses. Initially, the function of the fahriye sections, which poets used as a means to convey their wishes to the elders of the state with whom they presented their odes, changed over time and the number of verses increased. In addition to this, fahriye have started to be seen in other forms of verse. After the odes, fahriye examples are most commonly found in the pseudonym verses of ghazals. When these verses are analyzed, it is seen that poets praise their poetry and poetry with certain phrases.These similar expressions used by poets when they tefahür (reflect) also convey their views on poetry, poetry and art.

In the study, the verses of the ghazals of Fehîm'i Kadim, one of the poets of the 17th century, will be discussed.The pseudonym couplets of Fehîm, who is the representative of the Sebk-i Hindi movement, are the last in terms of fahriye is extremely rich.The verses of the poet's tefahür (reflection) were taken into account and translated into modern Turkish.Based on these verses, it was determined how Fehîm evaluated his own poetry and poetry and what expressions he used when making these evaluations. These data were tried to be classified, exemplified and processed under certain headings.

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