Author(s): Ali KARAKA?
Umar (d. 23/644) has an important place in the history of Islam. Besides he has also serious place in the tradition of hadith narration. When we examine the sources of hadith, we learn that he has been very sensitive about the hadith narration. He warned many of his companions of prophet muhammad to be careful, while narrating Hadith from Holly. Muhammad (PBUH). Umar is one of the main figures of the Sahab, which is the Muslim culture of Islam. He played an active role in the writing of the Qur'an, the collection of written texts, and the preservation of books. Ebû Bekr (d. 13/634) began to work on his advice to this field. Also Umar had a serious contribution to the transfer of the hadiths and in a reliable manner which are the explanations of the Qur'an. He was asking companions of prophet Holly Muhammad (PBUH) show their witnesses for the hadith and he has been sensitive to ensuring that the hadiths are transported in a healthy manner. Umar has narrated many hadiths and also he was having attention to be with Holly Muhammad (PBUH) and give great importance to make use his narrative. According to the findings, as many as 539 hadiths he conveyor are found in Kütüb -i Sitte, the main hadith source. Some of these hadiths are also narrated in other hadith sources. 81 of them are found in the works of Bukhari and Muslim named ‘‘el -Câmiü’s-Sahih.’’ The 26 hadiths narrated by him are located in both Bukhari and Muslim. The hadiths was transmitted by him, 34 hadiths are only in Bukhari and 21 hadiths are only in Muslim. The hadiths conveyed by Umar are more concerned with the Qur'anic issues such as prayer, muamelât, ukûbât and so on. Therefore, we come to the conclusion that Umar has contributed significantly to the formation of Islamic law. After we give information about the place of Umer in the hadith text in this article, we will give some examples from his narrations in the basic hadith sources and we will put them on the bibliographic and textual assays.
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