ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS OF SUGAR FACTORIES: THE CASE OF ERZURUM SUGAR FACTORY

Abstract

Author(s): G羹l ??M?EK*

The sugar factories, which are seen as the effective means of modernization and industrialization, made significant contributions to the regions where they are located in economic and social terms. In Turkey, many sugar factories have been established in order to reduce dependency on sugar and to increase agricultural activity in this field. In this study, Erzurum Sugar Factory as one of the representatives of the 1950s’ sugar industry is examined in terms of the socio-economic impact of it. The research is carried out through reviewing the publications and data related to the factory, alongside conducting on-site observation and interviews. Erzurum Sugar Factory, which is located in Aziziye District (formerly Il?ca), has supported the revival of the economy by providing employment in its own sector and all the sectors it is affiliated with, and the development of a social structure that covers a vision of reaching a modern society. As findings indicate that the effects of the factory such as an increase in employment and income in related sectors, a decline in rural migration, and the development of cooperatives and social solidarity, it is needed to consider that there is no significant reflection of these changes on the spatial structure of the settlement in which the factory is located.

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