ECOLOGICAL SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS: CASE OF KAăKAR MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

Abstract

Author(s): Banu ├çi├žek KURDO?LU, P?nar ├ľzge YEN?├çIRAK, Elif BAYRAMO?LU

People need to travel to places where they can relax in order to get away from their daily stress with the increase of population and increasing density in the cities. Today, our cities are in rapid growth, but the development of high quality areas where people can meet their daily needs is ignored. This deprivation caused people to prefer more natural, calm areas in order to meet their regeneration needs, and that mass tourism weakened and people turned to alternative tourism. The national parks with protected areas have the potential to meet this need with resource values, but increased demand has created a threat to national parks. In order to prevent the national parks from being negatively affected by the touristic and recreational effects, various strategies should be developed with the vision of protection-use-development and visit management plans should be formed. In this study, it was decided to carry out ecological sensitivity analysis in order to determine the sensitivity of the area as a priority. For analysis, land pattern, slope, stand structure, proximity to water resources and elevation criteria were determined and paired by AHP method and their weights were calculated and the consistency rate was found. According to calculations, the land pattern has the highest weight and the height has the lowest weight. Then, weights of the criteria were collected in ArcGIS environment and ecological sensitivity analysis was performed. As a result, ecological sensitivity of the area was determined and recommendations were made for visitor management in order to protect the area and to ensure the continuity of tourism.

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