EARLY ERA ISLAMIC EDUCATION

Abstract

Author(s): Mahmut DNDAR

The early Islamic education period, which consists of The Blesssed Era and Four Caliphs is religion-oriented. Education of this period reached to further levels with new initiatives during Four Caliphs. Training and education places of Blessed Era such as mosque, küttabs and education purposed-houses became more organized in this period. In addition, new units were founded under the roof of mosque depending on their functions like küttabs for children’s religious and cultural education. Thus, religion training shaped by the rules of early Islamic education developed to further points in the later periods with activities and institutions according to the possibilities and conditions. Hence education foundations of early period left their place to the madrasahs, schools and modern schools in the years ahead. While the methods like repetition, memorization and education circuits were used in the early period, modern techniques and strategies were used in the later periods. Also, in this era, the aim of training and education, including reading and writing, was teaching and learning Qur'an and Sunnah and practicing these in daily life for the Allah’s sake (cc). Accordingly, what was intended by education was to raise both perfect human being and good citizens.

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