Author(s): Batuhan Ä°smail KIRAN

The palace school Enderun was center of Ottoman kapikulu system. Ichoghlani, who were collected than different cities of empire, prisoner of war, was educated here. Many ichoghlanis had different abilities, traits. Therefore, the school was not homogenous. Each dormitory was hosted on dwarf, falconer, and dumbs which known as odasiz.

Dumbswho knows Bî-zebânhave existed since reign of The Conqueror Sultan Mehmed in Enderun and protected powers until Enderun was abolished in Topkapi Palace. They were the responsibility of a prime dumb in different dormitories of Enderun and helped other ichoghlanis there. Their population reached sixtyeight people in the 17th century, but it reduced seriously in reign of IV. Mehmed.

In this article, it is focused on position in Enderun, economic gain and the population decrease of dumbs in seventeen century.


You can send your paper at Online Submission System

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 7760

The Journal of International Social Research received 7760 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App