Author(s): Davut Y???TPA?A

Late Iron Age is the beginning of a new cultural period which is shaped by politic occurrences in East Anatolia. This term stars with the prevalence of The Achaemenids (547 BC) and ends with the domination of King of Macedonian, Alexander the Great, (330 BC) in the region. Thick priming and geometric ornaments such as scallop and triangle which are done in red, brown, reddish brown and black colors on priming are the characteristic features. Paint ornaments are monochrome or polychrome. While figures such as bird, deer, mountain goat and lion are being used commonly, motives of human and plant are used scarcely. Three techniques as paint, relievo and incised are determined on the ceramics. Kinds of paint ornaments are also separated in three groups as geometrical, figurative and plant shaped. In addition to simple plant figured ornaments such as tree, flower and leaf, human figures rarely are seen. Compositions that belong to daily life such as hunting scene are used too. By describing the figures on the ceramics, place of usage and practicing type of these are tried to determine. Thus, it is seen that there is direct relation between paint ornament on the ceramics and forms of these pots, namely their functions. While bird figure is being applied on every pot, huge figures such as lion, deer and mountain goat are applied on large ceramics such as jug, pitcher and amphora-rhyton. We might think that these ornaments provide knowledge that illuminates the way of life and religious system of human.


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