DOGUKAPI-AKYAKA-KARS-SARIKAMIS-ERZURUM OLD RAILWAY LINE AND ARCHITECTURAL FORMATION (II) ROAD STRUCTURES

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet YAVUZ, Ali Yal├ž?n TAVUK├çU

The old railway line from Do?ukap? to Erzurum passing through Akyaka, Kars, and Sar?kam?? was evidently the only railway line constructed outside the will of the Ottoman Empire. This railway line constructed in three major stages for military purposes by the Russian Czardom in 1878-1878 after the Ottoman-Russian War was part of the major Transcaucasia railway line and a continuation of the Batumi-Tbilisi-Gyumri (Alexendrepol) railway line.

The purpose of this paper is to investigate portion of railway as mentioned above between Kars and Sar?kam??. With this in mind, especially structures, bridges and vents are being examined in terms of materials, techniques, planning, architectural style and using form.

Structures examined contain style of Ne-Neo-Renaissance architectural elements. Besides this, styles of Baltic selectivity can also be seen in the structures of this road. Similar structures built during the tsarist period in the Russia can be seen different part of the Russia. For this reason, structures of railway of North East Anatolia should be seen extension of Russian railway structures.

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