DEVELOPMENT OF FURNITURE MANUFACTURING AND CURRENT SITUATION IN TURKEY

Abstract

Author(s): Deniz DEM?RARSLAN, O?uz DEM?RARSLAN

With the Westernization / Modernization movement, the concept of furniture, which in traditional Turkish residential life is seen as fixed accessories, has changed and Western-style furniture was produced and used. The intensification of the political, economic and cultural relations that started with the European countries was effective in the beginning of this process. After the second half of the 19th century, Western-style furniture began to be used primarily in palaces and then in residences belonging to the elite of society. Through time, the use of Western-style furniture has become widespread across other parts of society. The first Western-style furniture production began in the carpenters sections of Y?ld?z Palace which was named as Tamirhane-i Hümayun (Imperial Repair-shop) and founded by II. Abdulhamid. The furniture production process that began with Tamirhane-i Hümayun continued with small and medium-sized enterprises in the Republican period. In this phase, the contribution of architects, interior designers, and sculptors to furniture design pioneered by the Sultan Abdülhamid II is excellent. In this study, the history of furniture production in Turkey since the 19th century Ottoman era was examined and information on the state of the furniture industry today was given. The aim of the study is to provide a written source for related Turkish furniture art and other works related to the furniture production sector.

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