DETERMINATION OF THE VIEWS OF FOOTBALL SPECTATOR?S ABOUT AGGRESSIVE ATTITUDES

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet YILDIRIM

The aim of this research is to determine the views of football spectators' about aggressive attitudes, to bring forward proposals in order to prevent aggressive and violent events in sports. Football spectators in both the center and districts of Eski?ehir make up the population of the research and the spectators chosen randomly among the ones who come to watch the competitions of the Amateur Football League of Eski?ehir compose the sample of the research. In this study survey method was used. The results of the research were gathered with the help of a survey consisting of 21 items. In the first section of the survey, questions about personal findings (10 items), in the second section questions about aggressive attitudes of the ones in the working team (5 items) and in the third section questions prepared in the form of three point likert scale concerning the reasons of aggressive attitudes and the solution suggestions (6 items) were asked to the sportsmen, and the results were analysed by using frequency (f), percent values (%), cross- tabulation and chi-squared test. According to the results of the research; the reasons for going the competitons are to watch and support their team, the basic elements of provocation are the bad play of the team, the rival spectators and the attitude of referee, criticisms in the programmes on press provide the increase of aggressive events on spectators, the unawareness of the majortiy of spectators about laws in force concerning the prevention of aggressiveness and violence in sports, the news on sports press doesn't include these laws. In addition, the spectators 1who take part in aggressive events also get involved in swearing and verbal attacks uttermost and throwing things on to the field of play.

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