Author(s): Ali YILMAZ, Kemalettin ŞAHİN, M. Hazım ŞAHİN

In this study, the results of destructive earthquakes happened in early 1940s in Erbaa and the results of relocation of the city because of those earthquakes are analyzed. Erbaa is a county of Tokat province within Central Black Sea Subregion on the north of Turkey. Erbaa City is located on a first-degree earthquake zone which North Anatolian Fault Line passes through. The earthquakes which are consecutively happened in 1939- 1943 period had important demographic, economic, and social effects. New location selection for relocation of the city occurred important results for development of the city. Erbaa which is relocated to a new location still has earthquake risk. Constructing new buildings in vertically and horizontally developing city with no consideration of earthquake risk consists a significant threat. In spite of the local authorities had some efforts about the subject, those efforts are inadequate. Construction operations must be done aware of earthquake risk while constructing new buildings and determining the direction for city growth. Earthquake awareness of people should be improved.


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