DEMILITARIZATION ACTIVITIES IN CYPRUS AND THE PRINCIPLES OF THE NON-AGGRESSION DOCTRINE IN THIS REGARD

Abstract

Author(s): Soyalp TAMELK

In this research, the demilitarization activities and the principles of the doctrine of non-aggression have been examined. Therefore, the main purpose of this research is to convey what it means by the demilitarization efforts seen during the discussions taking place between the sides in Cyprus. Firstly, the parties concerned with the issue want Cyprus to be demilitarized. However, there exist serious differences of opinion on how this could be achieved. While the Turkish side desires to resolve the demilitarization of the island through negotiations, the Greek Cypriot side believes that this could be settled through a fait accompli policy. Actually, Turkish Cypriots have not yet been able to shake off their ‘feeling of insecurity’ felt towards Greek Cypriots due to the political, social and economic pressures applied upon them. On the other hand, since the Greek Cypriots have not been able to eliminate the social traumas created by the 1974 intervention, they fear that the Turkish troops could intervene again during any possible disagreement that could take place. Therefore, although the issue of demilitarization is a matter accepted by both sides as a principle, it has not yet been conclusively resolved. However, the issue of demilitarization and in relation the Pact of NonAggression has the quality of being able to be a part of a permanent solution. As can be seen within all UN proposals, including the Gali and Annan plans, reducing the forces belonging to both sides to a maximum level is considered to be a serious step taken towards the demilitarization of the island. Based on this reality, this research is composed of three main sections. In the first section, some important concepts related to demilitarization and nonaggression in Cyprus has been addressed. In the second, the demilitarization activities and the perceptions related to it have been indicated. In the third and final section, the principles that could arise if a likely Non-Aggression Pact is signed between the Turkish and Greek Cypriots have been examined.

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