Abstract With the declaration of the Republic on October 29, 1923, it is known that there are many developments in the field of agriculture and animal husbandry as well as many other areas in Turkey. In the development criteria that started in the world after World War II, there were also data on agriculture and animal husbandry. Indicators in the field of agriculture and animal husbandry have a significant place among the development criteria of the provinces and regions after DPT in the country. The area of Mus province, which has a surface area of 8. 196 km², the majority of the population lives in the countryside and the livelihood is agriculture and animal husbandry. This study serves as a social history of the period of the Republic and Mus in the field of Agriculture and animal husbandry in the development it is demonstrated by examining the result. The survey of cultivated fields in the Republican period according to the distribution of the products in Mus, Mus in Turkey in terms of areas and production of Main products of October the total share, the size of the business, according to the land distribution, animal numbers, animal products production (in tons) and their share in Turkey production, according to DIE and TUIK data, researched, and compared the values with the average of Turkey. In this study, administrators of Gündo?mu? Boarding Primary Schools were asked about their personal problems, their educational problems, their reasons for being in school (working-reading-child's parents), their satisfaction about working at school and their situation The proposal for a solution to the related problems has been researched.