CRIMES AND DISTRIBUTION OF CRIMES IN THE RURAL AREAS OF TURKEY (1997)

Abstract

Author(s): Kadir TEMURÇ?N Mustafa YAKAR

Crime is a phenomenon which results from the interaction between social, political, economic, physical, psychological conditions and geographical agents. Geographical site is important in the event of crime. Security forces should first know the geographical sites in order to protect people and then know the socio-economic aspects of the site in which crime occurs. This article aims at studying crimes, types of crimes, spatial analysis of crimes, the geographical factors which affect the crimes in rural areas (areas that are out of provinces and municipalities) which account for 92% of Turkey. The study of “1997 Rural Envantery” which presents the problems of rural settlements and population is the data base of this article. In this study, crimes and their aspects have been examined in 37.368 villages and 922 towns which are affiliated with 80 provinces in 1997.31.430 crimes occured in the rural areas of Turkey in that period. As a result of these events, 990 people were killed and 2.145 people were injured. Crime rate in coastal areas is higher than that in inner areas. In terms of the number of crimes and injures, Black Sea Region has the highest rate whereas Eastern Anatolia has the highest rate in terms of death rates. In terms of the number of events in every 100.000 people, Eastern Anatolia has the highest crime and death rates while Black Sea Region has the highest rate of injury. There are regional differences both when crimes are propotioned to the population and when types of crimes are taken into consideration. In terms of the types of crimes, abduction of girls, land conflicts and forestry crimes are the highest in Black Sea Region, while water conflicts in the Mediterranean Region and blood feud in Eastern Anatolia are common. In terms of crimes for per 100.000, the highest rates are: land conlicts and forestry crimes in Black Sea Region, abduction of girls in Marmara Region, water conflicts in Mediterranean Region, blood feud in Eastern Anatolia.

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