COVERING OF THE Y軴L軴 IN THE KIR?EH?R FOLK CULTURE

Abstract

Author(s): Sema ET?KAN**Filiz N. LMEZ***Hande KILIARSLAN****Cenk ?AH?N

Various usage goods produced from weavings itself have taken place in the daily life of mankind throughout history and made life easier. In Turkish culture, weavings produced for many purposes, from ground beam to goods wrapping and from transportation to storage, have become indispensable for nomadic life. After the resident life, it was continued to be produced from weaving, beam, pillow, cushion, tapestry, kilim, sofa cover, sack, saddlebag, bag and many other goods. Similar usage goods were frequently produced in Kirsehir where weaving is an old tradition and they have taken place in daily life. Turks settled in Anatolia during the time of the Seljuks are thought to have started the tradition of weaving in the region. However, it is known that the "Anatolian Bacileri Organization", which migrated from Kayseri to K?r?ehir as a result of the Mongol pressures, contributed to the development of the fabric in K?r?ehir and its surroundings. Over time, weaving in the region has established a deep-rooted tradition. It has been an important source of income by woven carpets, carpet cushion, carpet cushions, wall rugs, sofa rugs, goods covering, prayer rugs, seccade and woven by local weavers. In this study, the covering of yüklük which is traditionally used in the local culture has been examined. In nomadic life, the rugs used to wrap the goods on the way from one place to another are called kilim of the yük. After settling down, the beds, quilts, pillows, etc. were placed on top of a high architectural element of the house, which was made into a room of the house, and the rug was covered with a curtain like this. In Anatolia, wardrobes or shelf made for the storage of excess household items are called yüklük. The Uighur and Seljuk Turks also said yüklük things like table, shelves or cupboards were placed on them. In this tradition, which is present in almost every settlement in the folk culture, the kilim used for covering is called “covering of the yüklük”. In K?r?ehir, which carries traces of Seljuk culture, there are mostly weft-faced, flat rugs and woven rugs with cicim technique to be used as yüklük örtüsü. Sometimes a single piece of local rugs is used for this purpose. These rugs, which take names like “Yük çap?”, “yük perdesi”, “?ah (?ahk)”, “bar”, “yüklük”, “yük örtüsü”, have geometric medallions called “top” in the region in its pattern. The Anatolian woman used the yüklük örtüsü she made from the rug as a functional object, and at the same time, she assumed the role of an aesthetic decoration element on these rugs. According to the number of the top motifs on the ground, rugs also have names such as seven toplu, nine toplu. In this study, the cover, technique, pattern, ornamentation, usage and history of K?r?ehir folk culture were examined

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