Author(s): Murat KARABULUT, Ahmet KARAKOÇ, Mehmet GÜRBÜZ, Yakup KIZILELMA
A forest fire can be a real ecological destruction, regardless of whether it is caused by natural forces or human activity. It is impossible to rule nature, but it is possible to map forest fire risk zones and thereby minimize the frequency of fire, avert damage, etc. Forest fire risk zones are locations where a fire is likely to start, and from where it can easily spread to other areas. Prediction of factors influencing the occurrence of fire and understanding the dynamic behavior of fire are important aspects of fire management. A certain evaluation of forest fire problems and decisions on solution methods can only be satisfactorily made when a fire risk zone map is available. A geographic information system (GIS) can be used effectively to evaluate different forest-fire-causing factors for demarcating the forest fire risk zone map. Ba?konu? Mountain (Kahramanmara?-Turkey), is constantly under threat a forest fire was selected for this study. Topography and other factors (roads and settlements) were derived from topographic maps. Forest fire risk zones were delineated by assigning subjective weights to the classes of all the layers according to their sensitivity to fire or their fire-inducing capacity. As a result of made analyses is detected that fire risk areas intensified around roads and settlements.