Author(s): Sevgi YILMAZ, Parisa DORAJ, Omid HOSSEIN ESKANDANI
The concept of sustainability in the 1970s is the result of human awareness for the environmental and the humanity issues, consist of cultural, social and economic problems. One of the most important goals of the sustainable development is to preserve nature and modify its perspective, and the manifestation of sustainable development in the environmental aspects is called sustainable architecture. Albeit the results of today's crises are well recognized, but the most of the presented solutions for environmental problems in a sustainable architecture seems to be ineffective and incomplete. Nevertheless, despite to the proposed solutions to the environmental problems, their approach to the nature keeps disconnected, and the eternal nature value remains non-restored. The purpose of this research is to seek for environmental theories of sustainable development and sustainable architecture. Thereby, it may complete its deficiencies by employing comparison of attitudes towards nature. In this way, this article firstly describes the goals of the sustainable development and sustainable architecture and secondly, it presents its solutions in order to identify its defects and can propose a more complete policy. Although sustainable development has ecological, economic and cultural-social roots, but, the role of the nature becomes more apparent with the search of the problems facing contemporary humans and their solution in the sustainable architecture. At the end of this paper, the nature and its broad meaning have been studied, which can determine the triple relationship of the human, the nature and the architecture. Considering the role of the human as well as architecture as a process that leads to sustainability, it will be the other important point in modifying the relationship between human, nature and architecture.