Author(s): Hatice Özge KAYA, Naile Rengin OYMAN
Miniatures appear to be a branch of art unique to the East. However, miniatures were also found in Western handwritten manuscripts until the invention of the printing press. This tradition began with the writing of the Bible to spread Christianity after its acceptance and illustrating Biblical topics made them easier to be understood at a time of low literacy levels. As a result, they continued the use of miniature art arising from a need in Western art. Most of the Armenian that have survived until the present day are religious in content. It has been ascertained from obtained data that the number of handwritten manuscripts illustrated with miniatures on different (i.e. non-religious) subjects is very low. In comparison, there are handwritten Ottoman manuscripts illustrated with miniatures on a variety of subjects. In this article, examples of Ottoman and Armenian religious miniatures from different cultures are compared in terms of their subject matters, composition, figures and colours and these examples have been presented in schematic charts. The aim of this work is to compare Ottoman and Armenian (both of which being multi-cultural identities) religious miniatures with miniatures where similar subjects are found together with their images.