COMPARISON OF OTTOMAN AND PERSIAN CONSTITUTIONALISM

Abstract

Author(s): Abdolvahid SOOFIZADEH

Ottoman constitutional reform and Persian constitutionalism show parallels in inception, evolution and results. Both societies being governed by monarchies, Ottoman and Persian intellectuals, thinkers and men of action who went to the West and were especially influenced by ideas spread with French Revolution were of the same opinion that these same ideas should circulate in their countries, equality, freedom, justice and eventually a constitution should be made. Historically it would be accurate to say that due to geographical proximity to the West Ottoman society was more active and Ottoman intellectuals, writers and poets who resided in Istanbul and were supporters of constitutionalism influenced and inspired Persian constitutionalists.

In this article, the constitutional movements of both states are analyzed in comparative fashion and motives behind the emergence of the idea of constitutionalism, conditions which enabled its development and outcome in Ottoman state and Persia are briefly evaluated. Throughout history, ideas and concepts coming to Ottoman geography from the East came through Persia, but since XIX. Century ideas from West found their way through Ottoman Istanbul to Persia and East. After this century, centuries long political, literary and intellectual relations between Ottoman and Persia were formed via Ottoman capital. Almost simultaneous foundation of Darü'l-Fünun and printing house, sending of students abroad, journeys to the West, publishing of periodicals and newspapers in and outside of the country helped constitutionalist movement to gain momentum and supporters.

Announcements

You can send your paper at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/international-social-research.html

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per google scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App