Author(s): Emre DEM?RTA?, Cengiz ├ľZBESLER
Poverty is a social problem that affects and continues to affect societies for various reasons such as war, migration, natural disasters, unemployment, low education level, inequality of opportunities, lack of access to resources, changing family structure and illness. Poverty, child labor, neglect-abuse, women's poverty, malnutrition, dependence on social assistance, substance / alcohol dependence, youth unemployment, poor quality of life, chronic diseases, deprivation of basic rights such as development / housing / nutrition / health, low work power, low level of education and employment. Poverty, which does not only affect a particular disadvantaged group, includes almost every disadvantaged group that affects children, women, the elderly, youth, retirees, employees and the disabled.
For these reasons; Poverty is a social problem that needs to be addressed in many dimensions. The method of combating poverty should include education, employment and social assistance. While developing these intervention methods, micro, mezzo and macro applications should be used. Otherwise, poverty can enter a vicious circle and involve a large cluster of children / young people raised in poor families; it can be transformed into lives dependent on the poverty cycle and social assistance that cause intergenerational transfer. In order to develop effective struggle policies, it is necessary to reveal the characteristics of individuals receiving social assistance affected by poverty. In this study, the concept of poverty has been examined, the causes and problems of poverty have been put forward and the characteristics of beneficiaries of social assistance have been tried to be extracted.