CAPACITY OF THE ENERGY SOURCES TO STEER GLOBAL POLICY AND TURKEY?S ENERGY STRATEGY

Abstract

Author(s): Yavuz CANKARA

Energy is the common need of all living creatures and things from daily life needs to the productions of complex structures. Governments encounter problems in supplying the energy of their nations as reliable, cheap and constant. In an environment where common worry is same but the main need of fossil fuels are running out, to reach at the source creates a competitive environment and for this reason reserves cause various conflicts. It is not coincidence that conflict areas of the world are also the areas where fossil fuel reserves are high. For this reason, it is seen that hydrocarbons are used as a tool in steering international policy. Having Russia using natural gas transmission network as a political manoeuvre in order to steer Ukraine crisis or having Iran attaching importance to the natural gas agreement which is done with Turkey in order to configure their economics which was subjected to the American Economic Embargo since 1980s, epitomize this situation. The aim of this study is to provide information about the reserve status of the hydrocarbons, to explain how they develop the global policy and to interpret how the start of use of alternative energy sources in Turkey may influence this situation.

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