Author(s): Tilda SAYDI
Bilingualism and plurilingualism are closely related to teaching and learning of foreign and local languages and to the cultures of the societies the languages belong to. The European Union attaches importance to the knowledge and use of the languages of the member and candidate countries. That’s why the Union follows supportive policies in the subject of teaching and learning foreign languages. Some of these policies include, in our country and all over Europe, the activities such as the spread of the academic exchange programs of university students and teachers. Also, The European Framework of Common Reference for Languages is published by the European Commission. In the field of teaching and learning foreign languages, learning levels and teaching approaches according to the reference book, are (mostly) applied in our country as well as in Europe. In that sense, this article is presenting in the first part, related definitions of the terms of bilingualism and plurilingualism together with their semantical derivatives. This part expresses the social and political concepts reflected by the terms, with historical exemplifications. In the second part, in the context of plurilingualism and multilingualism, the European Union’s approach for the teaching and learning of foreign languages and the role of the plurilingualism in creating cultural adaptation between countries are analysed.