BEYKOZ IN CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE

Abstract

Author(s): ?erife AKPINAR

In the works of classical Turkish literature we can find knowledges about society’s beliefs, traditions, costume and cuisine, work life, elements and places of entertainment, architectural structures, habitat; in short everything about social life. Especially cities are described in divans and mesnevis as well as the independent works like ?ehrengizs by being used inside the couplets.

When the classical works are handled from this point of view, it is seen that Istanbul plays an important role. While Istanbul and its districts are being mentioned in terms of their historical characteristics and geographical beauties in the works, especially Beykoz, which is the biggest district of the city geographically, takes its place with its unique beauty in the works of the classic Turkish literature. Beykoz, whose history goes back to years BC 700, attracts the attentions as the fovourite resting and entertainment places of sultans and the public. While the district is expressed especially with its promenades as Anatolian Fortress, Göksü, Küçüksu, Çubuklu, Kanl?ca, drinking fountains, hunting lodges, gardens, fruits and atmosphere in the poems, it is mentioned as “ferahfeza, dil-gü?a” in tezkires and it is described as a place that makes people relax.

In this study, Beykoz and places located nearby are identified in classic couplets, and Ottoman’s this fovourite promenade, which is famous for its beauty, has also been tried to be handled from the perspective of classic Turkish literature.

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