BETWEEN ORAL AND WRITTEN CULTURE CARRIAGE OF HADITH

Abstract

Author(s): Ahmet ZDEM?R

According to historical sources, oral culture was dominant in Arabia at the time when Muhammad, who was an ummi, was appointed as a prophet, and few people knew how to read and write. The Prophet memorized the revelation verbally revealed to him, with the help of Gabriel, and then shared it with the community. Of course, in the meantime, he was dictating the Quran on different materials to the scribes of revelation within the scope of the possibilities of the period in question. First of all, the Prophet did not allow the writing of hadiths for a certain period due to reasons such as preserving the Quran, the low number of literate people and the fact that the Arabic script was still in the primitive period, and the Companions paid attention to reading and memorizing the Quran. and directed to protect it by writing. During this period, the Companions generally listened to the hadiths of the Prophet, kept them in their memories and transmitted these hadiths and sunnahs to each other orally, as a result of the oral culture tradition. It has been criticized that the hadiths were written down a certain period after the death of the Prophet. In this study, we will try to determine the course of the hadith narration, especially in the period until it passed into written sources at the beginning of the second century of Hijri.

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