Author(s): Dr. Esra S. DEGERL
As well as Italy’s expansionist tendencies in Mediterranean and the Balkans and Nazi’s coming into power in Germany in 1933, the armament race of the European countries began to threaten the world peace. Inevitably, these events led Turkey to search for territorial security. Thus, with the directives of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey made attempts to establish close ties with the whole Balkan countries. In this context, Turkey initially solved the problems with Greece remained from Lausanne and then signed the treaty of friendship with Greece on September 14 th , 1933 in Ankara. Turkey, giving much importance to the collaboration in Balkans, also concluded agreements of cooperation with Romania on October 17 th , 1933 and with Yugoslavia on November 27 th , 1933 within the fields of Friendship, Nonaggression, Judgmental Solutions, Arbiter and Conciliation. Furthermore, with the pioneering steps of Turkey and Greece and the participation of Yugoslavia and Romania, Balkan Pact was signed on February 9 th , 1934 in Athens. Though Balkan Pact, surviving between 1934 and 1941, never realized the territorial defence precisely, Turkey took an important role in maintaining the world peace by remaining true to the pact.