ASSESSMENT ON OTTOMAN PERIOD SEALS FOUND IN KAYSERI ETHNOGRAPHY MUSEUM

Abstract

Author(s): Serife TALI

In this study, the seals of the Ottoman Period found in Kayseri Ethnography Museum have been studied. The use of the seal has a spiritual importance as a separate tradition of the Ottoman culture. Glyptic art of the Ottoman Empire is very strong and tough branch containing arts such as calligraphy, engraving, ornament and jewelry. Engraving has been recognized as a reputable profession in Ottoman society. Ottoman stamps are grouped according to their intended uses as: official (authorities and institutions), personal (individual), foundational and talisman seals. The seals engraved on mines like gold, silver, bronze, brass, copper, and precious stones like agate, agate, jade and etc. were decorated with inscriptions in different lines like sülüs, Talik, naskh, reyhanî, and divani. A good skill, patience and effort are required for the seals engraved in reverse by using a sequence and certain style on tiny private areas on fragile mine. For the protection of fixed or stylized fragile seal stems and seals, housings made of pearl embossment or silver craftsmanship and embroidered purses are the other factors which made art masterfully personalized with their special workmanship. The material used in the construction of the seals and the ornament on the materials shaped with stylistic characteristics of the period are the elegant indicators of the Ottoman culture and Glyptic art.

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