Author(s): Özlem SAĞLIYAN SÖNMEZ

When we look at the development process of glass, it is known that the source is around the Mediterranean and that it is at least 5 thousand years ago, and ceramics are older than glass ten thousand years ago. We can see the first examples of glass work from Eastern Mediterranean to Anatolia, from Mesopotamia to Egypt. Today, glasses are still produced and used with different shaping methods in terms of both artistic and usage. Glass bottles, which are used by people in the world and called as solid inorganic waste material, disappear in the nature in 4000 years, and take up a lot of space until this period. With the rapid increase in the world's population, our natural resources are decreasing day by day. For this reason, recycling becomes extremely important for the protection and efficient use of our natural resources. Glass material can be recycled unlimitedly in recycling, unlike plastic and paper. Other advantages of glass recycling are the reduction of high amounts of energy consumed during glass production, especially in the melting process. 25% less energy is used in the production of glass from waste glass. In the globalizing world, the reuse of solid waste materials should be provided, and these solid waste materials should be used instead of new raw materials. In this study based on this idea, colored and colorless glass bottles used in ceramic mold, which is one of the glass shaping methods, using the fusion glass shaping technique, were brought to certain grain sizes and artistic fusion samples were applied.


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