Author(s): Nazik ÇEL?K YILMAZ
The Frankfurt School (Critical Theory), founded in 1923, was the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, bearing the name of the university in which it was founded. The field in which the institute is effective is culture theory. At the Frankfurt School was produced works in almost every area of the social sciences. In the third period between 1950-1970, works in many fields such as mass culture, modern society, technology, art, aesthetics, music and politics have come to the forefront. The two most important philosophers of the Frankfurt School, which holds an important place in the complex philosophical framework that emerged as a result of the complex social, economic, political picture of the 20th century, are undoubtedly Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno. Their critical theory is very important in terms of reflecting the 20th century philosophy both deeply and strikingly and as a way of thinking that tries to transcend the philosophical period at certain points. Modernism brought with it many social, economic and cultural developments together. This situation has caused some changes for the individual and culture. Adorno and Horkheimer tried to explain the effect of modern life on individual and culture with the concept of cultural industry. In this context, the concept of culture industry is mentioned and discussed.