ARGUMENTS ON NATIONALITY IN ARTS IN THE 1940?S

Abstract

Author(s): Esra ├ľZKAN KO├ç??

In the 1940s, when a return to a national understanding of art was experienced with the effect of the World War II (1939-1945), the issue of "nationality" in art, which has affected the world of ideas, culture and art since the Tanzimat reforms period, is one of the issues that occupied the agenda of the world of art. The important authors, painters, architects, sculptors of the period advocated the idea that in many fields of art, especially painting, sculpture and architecture, in accordance with their world views and cultural accumulations, they should get rid of western influences and avoid imitation and return to the national. The assignment of foreign architects and sculptors in various architectural structures and construction activities such as monumental sculptures in the early years of the Republic caused backlash from Turkish artists who were brought up in the 1940s, and the issue of giving them the opportunity in such activities came to the agenda. These discussions have gained an acceleration especially within the scope of the Fatih Statue / Monument project, which is planned to be built for the construction of An?tkabir (Ataturk’s Mausoleum) and the 500th anniversary of the conquest of Istanbul.  Information will be given on how the issue of nationality is addressed in the context of the state's culture and arts policy and what steps have been taken in the present study. In addition, how the intellectuals of the period discussed this issue in the axis of their major cultural and artistic developments, their ideas and propositions will be examined.

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