Author(s): ?lkay KAYDU AKBUDAK?? Alper GLBA???? Zeynel BA?IBYK

Rings, one of the most common accessories throughout human history, have been used as objects representing various emotions. The oldest known usage of rings, featuring several different properties based on the method of extraction and processing of its raw materials, was in the 3rd millennia BC. Meanwhile, oldest rings found in Anatolia dates back to the era of the Hittites (1600-1200 BC). There are 125 rings classified as belonging to the 1st millennia, Medieval Age, Roman and Byzantine eras at K?r?ehir Museum. Majority of the items were made of bronze alloy, while 2 have been produced using silver (Byzantium), 2 of copper (medieval times) and 1 of glass (Roman). The artifacts classified as metal girdled, stone girdled and non-girdled, and the girdled ones feature geometric, plant and animal motifs. Carnelian, cairngorm, amethyst and green krisopras, which are quartz ornamental stones processed in oval and spherical forms, have been used in stoned pieces.


You can send your paper at

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararas覺 Sosyal Arat覺rmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararas覺 Sosyal Arat覺rmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App