Author(s): Ahmet Muhammed KADDUR, ├çeviri: Selahattin BAYRAM
Although there are many explanations about how and where the Arabic language originated, the appearance of this language as a unifying force took place in pre-Islamic Kurey? with the emergence of urban life, wealth, rulership, and power. The main sources regarding this language are the Jahiliyya poetry in 6th century AD, the letters and treaty texts written during the era of the prophet and the four caliphs, and the Quran, which holds together almost all the eminent features of the formal language. The Arabic language includes the formal dialect, the ancient vernaculars, and the local dialects that emerged later. Formal Arabic enjoys a unique position among other languages because its influence spans seventeen hundred years. The Quran, the literary tradition, scientific productions, and the body of grammar play a key role in the continuation and renewal of this language and boost ?ts efficiency in meeting new and emerging needs. Linguistics are dictionaries and grammar rules formed for people to resist anguage mistakes. Today the Arabic language confronts threats, some of which are the disregard for the formal language in the saily life, the emergence of local dialects, and the potential replacement of Arabic with English. It’s fort his reason that Arabic grammar and linguistics are in a vital position. Arabic has come forward with intellectual matters and produced literary works in the modern age. The powerful relationship between language and nationalism can be observed when the Arab people and Arabic language are examined: as well as being the foundation for Arabs to form a national community, Arabic has played a significant role in constituting a viable political existence.