AQUACULTURE IN SOUTHERN PROVINCES OF TURKEY, ITS DISTRIBUTION, AND SIGNIFICANCE

Abstract

Author(s): S羹heyla BALCI AKOVA

An increase in the world population and severe pressure on fish stocks require new studies and precautions At this point, the development of aquaculture, the determination of spaces where it can be developed, and the distribution of these spaces are quite significant Worldwide, aquaculture constituted 80 million tons of 170 9 million tons of fish production in 2016 Depending on the regions and countries, the increase in each one is important In Turkey, aquaculture constituted 1 5% of the total fish production in 1990 However, it reached 43 83% in 2017 Of the total aquaculture production in Turkey, 43% is provided from the southern coastal provinces of Turkey Therefore, the importance of aquaculture in the southern coastal areas of Turkey, where there are bays and gulfs with a high potential for aquaculture, its general status, and its place and significance in aquaculture in Turkey were examined, and the spatial distribution of aquaculture was assessed In this spatial distribution, attention was paid to Mu?la, Antalya, Mersin, Adana, and Hatay provinces, which are located in the south of Turkey The main species cultivated in the south of Turkey are sea bream (Sparus aurata ), sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio), meagre (Argyrosomus regius), and shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa) while the most cultivated ones are sea bream, sea bass, and rainbow trout Numerous scientific studies and practices are carried on in Turkey, as well as worldwide, regarding the development of aquaculture Aquaculture is performed in many parts of Turkey, and Mu?la specifically comes into prominence among the provinces on the southern coasts of Turkey Mu?la is the top province among those in the research site for providing 93% of the total production The production share of Mu?la within overall Turkey constitutes 36% of the aquaculture production in Turkey It is necessary to make good use of this potential and develop aquaculture in other provinces as well.

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