Author(s): Winfried BRUGGER, Muhammed kbal MAMOLU
Human action can be divided up roughly into two categories: routine actions or “easy cases” in which all impulses and considerations point in the same direction; and problematic actions or “hard cases” in which these impulses and arguments point in different directions. Then the actor has “to bear the cross” of decision-making. The article concentrates on these hard cases which lead to a “decisional cross” for the agent. The decisional cross provides a map of decisionmaking in hard cases; it provides binoculars with built-in crosshairs, displaying the vertical and horizontal lines within the horizon of socialization, interaction and enculturation. On first inspection the “decisional cross” only reveals an awkward predicament, a problem, not a solution for decisions regarding the task of leading a good life, either individually or collectively. On closer inspection it is possible to develop a systematic anthropology of human action that helps orient the actor toward leading an individual life as well as to orient collective actors and organizations.