Author(s): Murat AKTA?
For thousands of years Jews have been subjected to exclusion, discrimination, persecution and racism by different societies. The Jews’ exile, which began in the 6th century BC when they were taken to Babylon, continued with their expulsion from Europe in the 15th century. Exclusion, discrimination, enmity and racism that Jews were subjected to, have been called anti-Semitism since the 19th century. The exiles and massacres of Jews continued in Germany in the 20th century with the big Holocaust. The Jews were turned into scapegoats by being portrayed as responsible for many problems, from the defeat of Germany in the First World War to the economic crisis. Following the defeat of Hitler in World War II, racism and anti-Semitism were condemned and cursed. However, in the 21st century, far-right and racist movements have been rising again in many European countries. In order to understand the rising of far right, it is important to understand the discrimination and genocide experienced by Jews. This study examines Anti-Semitism and Nazism from the early ages to the present.