ANIMAL FIGURES IN GERMAN AND ITALIAN FOLKTALES: A FAIRYTALE COMPARISON BROTHER GRIMM?S THE FROG PRINCE AND ITALO CALVINO?S THE CRAB PRINCE

Abstract

Author(s): Deniz Dil?ad KARA?L NAZLICAN

There are countless animal figures in the German folk tales rewritten by Brothers Grimm, and in the Fiabe italiane, compiled by Italo Calvino. In these folk tales, all the real and imaginary animals hold a fundamental function regarding the narrative structure. These magic-ridden animals sometimes take on the role of being helpers of the protagonist; at other times, and more frequently so, they become the protagonists themselves: They strive to overcome the difficulties that fate bestows upon them. With this article, the two historically intertwined tales of The Crab Prince, included in the Fiabe Italiane edition, and The Frog Prince of Brothers Grimm are attempted at being examined concerning their roles in the folk tale structure with the transitions they present and their representations in the Italian and German folk culture, focusing on their animal-human metamorphoses and the scope of the animal universe.

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