ANALYSIS OF THE TURKISH NATIONAL EDUCATION COUNCIL DECISIONS (1939-2014) IN TERMS OF EDUCATION, INSTRUCTION AND CURRICULUM

Abstract

Author(s): Davut HOTAMAN

The aim of the research is to analyze the distributions of decisions regarding Education, Instruction and Curriculum made in National Education Councils between the years 1939 and 2014 in terms of educational levels. The universe of the research is Turkish National Education Councils convened between the years 1939 and 2014. As the whole population is involved in the research, no matter type of sampling was taken. Among the case study designs, embedded single-case study design is used in the research as a research method. As the data collection techniqu, written document analysis is used and the data collected through this method is analyzed by descriptive analysis. Besides, the data gathered through document analysis are digitized. For this, ''present or absent'' and ''contained area'' method is used and percentage (%) and frequency (f) distributions are given. According to the findings of the research, it is determined that the decisions regarding education, instruction and curriculum appear in 16 out of 19 councils that are convened. The councils which decisions are made in regarding education, instruction and curriculum are; 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th and 19th National Education Councils. It is determined that decisions regarding education, instruction and curriculum are made in pre-school level in the 10th, 12th, 14th, 15th and 19th councils; in primary school level in the 2nd, 5th, 9th, 12th, 15th and 17th councils; in secondary school level in the 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 12th and 17th councils; in high school level in the 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 15th and 17th councils, and in vocational technical high school level in the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 15th, 16th and 17th councils. As a consequence, it has been evaluated that decisions have been made so as to improve the Turkish education system in all councils, however the level of meeting the case in terms of implementation is insufficient.

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